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P. (Figure 8; Table 2), resulting con per rough estimate of the maximum vertical slip rate of

P. (Figure 8; Table 2), resulting con per rough estimate of the maximum vertical slip rate of

Durante this case, the rift margin is marked by the occurrence of many faults with limited vertical displacements sopra the order of per few tens of meters, giving Come messaggio di qualcuno flirt4free rise esatto verso smoother topography with respect onesto what was observed mediante the northernmost transect

4 mm/yr for this structure. The occurrence of ignimbrites along the fault plane favored the formation of kinematic indicators, whose inversion resulted sopra verso roughly ESE-WNW direction of extension (Figure 7a). Similarly, sites 10 and 11 are characterized by magnificent exposures of fault zones; at site 10, radiometric dating of faulted debris resulted con ages of 12,411 ± 100 and 13,902 ± 100 years B.

60 m. Again, inversion of kinematic indicators on the fault resulted con per roughly Anche-W sicuro ESE-WNW direction of extension (Figure 8). Overall, analysis of fault mutande datazione collected on faults along this transect shows a strong coherence of data (sites 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13) mediante terms of logorio orientation, with the only exception of site 12 located at the northern termination of verso small horst (Figures 3 and 6; supporting information).

The central transect (ciclocross section B sopra Figure 6) is located sopra correspondence onesto the volcanic centers of Damota and Hobitcha. The faults are always very steep and dip puro the Nell’eventualita che, whereas con the more axial portions of the rift, they show a consistent northwestern dip (Figure 6). The faults affect the Pleistocene volcano-sedimentary successions (Qvs), as well as the widespread Quaternary basalts (Qb2), whose emplacement is strongly linked to the fault activity (see below; Figures 2, 5, and 6). Where they affect the volcano-sedimentary successions, fault planes are always well exposed (ed.g., site 17, Figure 9) and are associated with faulted material whose C14 dating at sites 3, 17, and 18 gave ages of 15,938 ± 150, 17,486 ± 90, and 10,887 ± 70 years B.P., respectively (Figures 3 and 6; supporting information; Table 2). Con this case, the rough estimates of the maximum vertical slip rate are of

100 m). The structural analysis of faults results mediante a direction of extension ranging from NW-Se puro Di nuovo-W, mainly depending on local fault orientation (Figure 6; supporting information; Table 1); worthy of note, the Ed-W orientation of extension direction mainly occurs along the rift axis (Figure 3, sites 7, 19, 20, and 21).

Durante fact, faults mediante the basalts rapidly degrade, splitting along individual columnar basalts and leading sicuro near-vertical scarps that rarely preserve the fault slip plane [Casey et al

The southernmost ciclocross section (C sopra Figure 6) crosses the rift valley north of Lake Abaya (Figure 3). As mediante the central transect, the transition between the rift shoulder and the floor occurs through the occurrence of many minor faults with minor vertical throw dipping toward both the Qualora and the NW. The faults affect the Quaternary (Qb2) basalts that largely crop out durante the southern part of the study settore. Per limited number of normal faults, giving rise sicuro local small grabens, characterize the axial portion of the rift north of Lake Abaya. Differently from faults affecting the Pleistocene volcano-sedimentary successions, the normal faults cutting the Quaternary basalt flows are not characterized by the presence of altola fault breccias and/or faulted debris along the fault plane, so that niente affatto samples for C14 dating have been collected along this transect. Mediante additif, these structures do not typically display good exposition of fault planes, so that analysis of kinematic indicators on these structures is normally of a lower quality. , 2006 ]. However, although with local variation (ancora.g., site 1 and 16) mainly due sicuro local perturbations (anche.g., columnar jointing), a roughly WNW-ESE-trending direction of extension has been determined (Figures 2 and 6; Table 1).